Ruby or Manik is a natural, deep pink or blood red colored, precious gemstone of the Corundum family. Vedic astrology recommends rubies to be worn for success and growth in businesses, jobs, social status, authority and self-confidence.


Ruby Gemstone Benefits


  • Professional and Academic Success– Ruled by the powerful Sun, ruby stone benefits people working in professions or positions where authority is commanded e.g. administrative services, politics, diplomacy and other leadership roles. It is also advised to be worn by students preparing for state or central services examinations.

  • Improved Financial and Social Status– One of the many acclaimed astrological benefits of wearing ruby is the improved social status of native’s life. Astrologers believe that Manik stone benefits the wearer by not only elevating his financial condition but in maintaining his imperial and luxurious lifestyle as well.

  • Rejuvenated Health– Sun is regarded as the karaka of bones, eyes and heart. Restored vitality, improved blood circulation & eyesight are some of the health benefits of Manikya gemstone. In addition, ruby gemstone is also beneficial for people struggling with self-esteem issues. Ruby positively affects self-confidence by reorienting emotional intelligence of the wearer.

  • Better Paternal Relationships– Since Sun is acknowledged as the father figure in vedic astrology, it is known to bear some influence on paternal relationships. It is believed that Manik ratan is also beneficial for the native’s father and thus can be worn to improve his weakened circumstances as well.

Who should wear Ruby Gemstone?

Association with Sun makes ruby as the Rajratna or ‘King of Gems’. Depending on the placement of Sun in a person’s horoscope, wearing ruby gemstone can favorably improve career, health, temperament and social status of natives and related ascendants. Ruby gems can be worn as mentioned below.

  • Indian or vedic astrology assigns ruby gem or Manikya gemstone for Leo rashi.
  • Western astrology recommends ruby birthstone for Leo sunsign.
  • Ascendants of Aries, Scorpio, Sagittarius and Pisces can also wear ruby.

How to wear Ruby Gemstone?

Carat Weight Minimum 1/12th of the body weight. E.g. a person weighing 60 kgs can wear a 5-carat ruby.
Color Pigeon blood red ruby or deep pink color ruby is most effective, otherwise original, untreated, rubies with lighter hues can also be worn.
Metal Gold is highly recommended. Alternatively, panchdhatu, silver or white gold can also be used.
Finger Ring finger of the working hand.
Day & Time Sunday, morning time is best.
Mantra & Chanting Times Aum Ghrini Suryay Namah, ॐ घृणिः सूर्याय नमः (108 Times)


Ruby Prices

Ruby stone price varies steeply even within the same variety because of several quality factors. Origin, color, clarity and uniqueness, collectively influence the price of ruby. Ruby stone prices in India can range anywhere between ₹ 450 to 2 Lakhs ($12 to $1,600) per carat, even above.

  • Origin– Burmese ruby is the most expensive ruby origin because of its exceptional color quality. However, African rubies too command high ruby rate in the market nowadays. On per carat basis, Old Burma ruby can cost between ₹ 90,000 – 1,20,000 ($1,400 to $1,600)Mozambique ruby can draw up to ₹ 90, 000 ($1,200 to $1,400). While Thailand ruby is economical, costing up to just ₹ 5,000 ($70)Indian ruby is even cheaper.

  • Color– Color of ruby single handedly influences the cost of ruby. Dark red or pigeon blood color is the most desirable ruby color and draws exorbitant pricing. Ruby price per carat decreases as we move across from deep red rubies to vibrant red ruby, pink ruby and purple ruby.

  • Treatment– Being precious, rubies are quite vulnerable to profiteering. Low quality rubies are often colored or heat treated for extensive margins. An original ruby gemstone is usually expensive (depending on the origin) than synthetic ruby or glass filled rubies. A genuine, untreated ruby bought at cheaper prices should always be seen with suspicion.

  • Clarity– Clarity is broadly judged by the brightness and volume of inclusions found in the ruby gemstone. A real ruby gemstone will almost always have visible or invisible inclusions. Rubies with inclusions not visible to the naked eye are extremely rare and thus highly expensive. Ruby stone price per carat will be significantly high for such natural, inclusion free ruby.

  • Carat Weight– A flawless, natural ruby gemstone above a few carats, is rare to find, even rarer than diamonds. Therefore, ruby price per carat increases exponentially when moving from one carat ruby to three or four carat ruby.

  • Cut– The way a ruby is cut can contribute around 10-20% to the cost of Ruby. Faceted cut ruby is brilliantly enhanced but incurs significant stone wastage as well. For the same quality, a faceted ruby costs higher than ruby cabochon


Ruby Quality

Ruby stone (meaning Manikya in Hindi) is a rare and highly popular gemstone. A high quality ruby comes from a reputed origin, displays balance in color saturation & consistency with minimal contamination. International gemstone market uses globally accepted standards to assess the quality of rubies which can help customers understand how much are rubies worth.

  • Origin– Burmese ruby or Old Burma ruby is the most popular ruby origin because of its brilliant color saturation and consistency. However, discovery of new ruby mines in Africa and Asia, has expanded the choice range for customers by giving away new varieties like Mozambique rubyThailand ruby and Afghanistan ruby.

  • Color– Of all the quality factors, color of ruby has the most profound impact on the overall value of rubies. Dark red but well balanced, color-consistent ruby gemstones are more desirable. Pigeon blood color is the most sought-after ruby stone color but is immensely rare and may cost millions for a fine quality piece.

  • Clarity– Clarity of ruby is judged by the number, size, location and angle of natural imperfections or inclusions found in the Manik gemstone. Majority of rubies are lightly or heavily included with visible inclusions. A ruby with see-through clarity or inclusions not visible to the naked eye is extremely rare and undoubtedly expensive.


Ruby is said to give name, fame, vigor, virtue, warmth and the capacity to command to its user.

It can also raise the individual far above the status in which he was born. Historically, it has been symbolic of love and passion. This is normally red in color. Ruby is a hot stone.

On diseases front: Ruby helps cure peptic ulcer, fever, rheumatism, gout etc. However prolonged use may cause boils, itch, and insomnia as well.

Do consult an astrologer or a gemologist before wearing this or any other stone. Ladies should avoid the use of Ruby as it can destroy the body luster.

Ruby should be used in gold in third or ring finger of right hand on Sunday. Ideally should be of about 3 or 5 grams in weight.


The name Ruby comes from Latin ‘Rubrum’, which means ‘Red’. Ruby, which is corundum, is simply crystallized alumina (Al2O3) and in pure form, it is devoid of color.

The rich color in Ruby is mainly due to small amounts of chromic oxide, which is able to replace part of alumina without disturbing the trigonal crystal structure.

It has a specific gravity of 3.99. The Mean Refractive Index is 1.765 and the hardness is 9 on the Moh’s scale.




Burmese rubies are the most valuable member of the corundum family. Ruby is demanded for its gem quality. The Burma mining of ruby gemstone was initiated almost 500 years ago.

Ruby is found in Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, East Africa, Kenya, Nepal, Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. The best Rubies are from the Magok district of Burma. Thai Rubies are comparatively less attractive and the Rubies found in Sri Lanka are pink.


  • Natural Ruby stone never ‘clean’ i.e., without inclusions. They contain inclusions which look like ‘silk’.
  • Natural Ruby encloses small crystals of other minerals, in the form of pale angular grains, cavities of irregular shapes, patches of fine needle-like crisscrossing canals which give a silky effect by reflecting light.
  • If these inclusions are not visible to the naked eye, then the eyeglass should be used to detect them.
  • If even under high magnification no such inclusions are visible, then the Gem you are checking is most probably a piece of glass.
  • A synthetic Ruby will either not contain any inclusions or else it will have bubble-like inclusions, or cracks, as seen in a glass, will be visible. The cracks will give a milky hue and will be of an even nature.


It’s very important before wearing any gemstone we should know it’s methods and the importance of every stone.

  • Ruby gemstone should ideally weigh at least 1/10th in carats of your body weight. (70 kg body weight = 7 carat stone).
  • Ruby gemstone should be mounted in Gold or Copper to experience the good results.
  • It should be washed with fresh milk in the morning and then while chanting the mantra it should be worn.
  • The weight of Ruby/Manik should not be less than 3 Ratti. More the weight of Ruby, greater its effect.
  • It should be worn on Sunday at morning between 5 am to 6 am.
  • Ruby gemstone should be worn in ring finger of right hand and stone must touch your skin.


ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide). Other varieties of gem-quality corundum are called sapphires. Ruby is one of the traditional cardinal gems, together with amethystsapphireemerald, and diamond.[3] The word ruby comes from ruberLatin for red. The color of a ruby is due to the element chromium.

Some gemstones that are popularly or historically called rubies, such as the Black Prince’s Ruby in the British Imperial State Crown, are actually spinels. These were once known as “Balas rubies”.

The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. After color follows clarity: similar to diamonds, a clear stone will command a premium, but a ruby without any needle-like rutile inclusions may indicate that the stone has been treated. Ruby is the traditional birthstone for July and is usually pinker than garnet, although some rhodolite garnets have a similar pinkish hue to most rubies. The world’s most valuable ruby is the Sunrise Ruby.

Rubies have a hardness of 9.0 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness. Among the natural gems only moissanite and diamond are harder, with diamond having a Mohs hardness of 10.0 and moissanite falling somewhere in between corundum (ruby) and diamond in hardness. Sapphire, ruby, and pure corundum are α-alumina, the most stable form of Al2O3, in which 3 electrons leave each aluminium ion to join the regular octahedral group of six nearby O2− ions; in pure corundum this leaves all of the aluminium ions with a very stable configuration of no unpaired electrons or unfilled energy levels, and the crystal is perfectly colorless.

Crystal structure of ruby showing the substitution of Al3+ ions (blue) with Cr3+ (red). The substitution density of Cr3+ ions in this model is approximately 2%, approximating the maximum doping normally encountered.[4]

When a chromium atom replaces an occasional aluminium atom, it too loses 3 electrons to become a chromium3+ ion to maintain the charge balance of the Al2O3 crystal. However, the Cr3+ ions are larger and have electron orbitals in different directions than aluminium. The octahedral arrangement of the O2− ions is distorted, and the energy levels of the different orbitals of those Cr3+ ions are slightly altered because of the directions to the O2− ions.[5] Those energy differences correspond to absorption in the ultraviolet, violet, and yellow-green regions of the spectrum.

Transmittance of ruby in optical and near-IR spectra. Note the two broad violet and yellow-green absorption bands and one narrow absorption band at the wavelength of 694 nm, which is the wavelength of the ruby laser.

If one percent of the aluminium ions are replaced by chromium in ruby, the yellow-green absorption results in a red color for the gem.[5] Additionally, absorption at any of the above wavelengths stimulates fluorescent emission of 694-nanometer-wavelength red light, which adds to its red color and perceived luster.

After absorbing short-wavelength light, there is a short interval of time when the crystal lattice of ruby is in an excited state before fluorescence occurs. If 694-nanometer photons pass through the crystal during that time, they can stimulate more fluorescent photons to be emitted in-phase with them, thus strengthening the intensity of that red light. By arranging mirrors or other means to pass emitted light repeatedly through the crystal, a ruby laser in this way produces a very high intensity of coherent red light.

All natural rubies have imperfections in them, including color impurities and inclusions of rutile needles known as “silk”. Gemologists use these needle inclusions found in natural rubies to distinguish them from synthetics, simulants, or substitutes. Usually, the rough stone is heated before cutting. These days, almost all rubies are treated in some form, with heat treatment being the most common practice. Untreated rubies of high quality command a large premium.

Some rubies show a three-point or six-point asterism or “star”. These rubies are cut into cabochons to display the effect properly. Asterisms are best visible with a single-light source and move across the stone as the light moves or the stone is rotated. Such effects occur when light is reflected off the “silk” (the structurally oriented rutile needle inclusions) in a certain way. This is one example where inclusions increase the value of a gemstone. Furthermore, rubies can show color changes—though this occurs very rarely—as well as chatoyancy or the “cat’s eye” effect.

Ruby vs. pink sapphire

Generally, gemstone-quality corundum in all shades of red, including pink, are called rubies.[6][7] However, in the United States, a minimum color saturation must be met to be called a ruby; otherwise, the stone will be called a pink sapphire.[6] Drawing a distinction between rubies and pink sapphires is relatively new, having arisen sometime in the 20th century. Often, the distinction between ruby and pink sapphire is not clear and can be debated.[8] As a result of the difficulty and subjectiveness of such distinctions, trade organizations such as the International Colored Gemstone Association (ICGA) have adopted the broader definition for ruby which encompasses its lighter shades, including pink.[9][10]

Occurrence and mining

Historically, rubies have also been mined in Thailand, in the Pailin and Samlout District of Cambodia, as well as in Afghanistan, Australia, Brazil, Colombia, India, Namibia, Japan, and Scotland; after the Second World War ruby deposits were found in Madagascar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, and Vietnam.[11]

The Republic of Macedonia is the only country in mainland Europe to have naturally occurring rubies. They can mainly be found around the city of Prilep. Macedonian rubies have a unique raspberry color. The ruby is also included on the Macedonian coat of arms.[12] A few rubies have been found in the U.S. states of MontanaNorth CarolinaSouth Carolina and Wyoming.

Spinel, another red gemstone, is sometimes found along with rubies in the same gem gravel or marble. Red spinels may be mistaken for rubies by those lacking experience with gems. However, the finest red spinels can have values approaching that of an average ruby.[13]

South Asia

The Mogok Valley in Upper Myanmar (Burma) was for centuries the world’s main source for rubies. That region has produced some exceptional rubies, however in recent years few good rubies have been found. In central Myanmar, the area of Mong Hsu began producing rubies during the 1990s and rapidly became the world’s main ruby mining area. The most recently found ruby deposit in Myanmar is in Namya (Namyazeik) located in the northern state of Kachin.

Rubies are also mined in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In Pakistani Kashmir there are vast proven reserves of millions of rubies, worth up to half a billion dollars.[14] However, as of 2017 there was only one mine (at Chitta Katha) due to lack of investment.[15] In Afghanistan, rubies are mined at Jegdalek.[16]

In Sri Lanka, lighter shades of rubies (often “pink sapphires”) are more commonly found.

Factors affecting value

Rubies, as with other gemstones, are graded using criteria known as the four Cs, namely color, cut, clarity and carat weight. Rubies are also evaluated on the basis of their geographic origin.

Color: In the evaluation of colored gemstones, color is the most important factor. Color divides into three components: huesaturation and tone. Hue refers to color as we normally use the term. Transparent gemstones occur in the pure spectral hues of red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet.[17] In nature, there are rarely pure hues, so when speaking of the hue of a gemstone, we speak of primary and secondary and sometimes tertiary hues. Ruby is defined to be red. All other hues of the gem species corundum are called sapphire. Ruby may exhibit a range of secondary hues, including orange, purple, violet, and pink.



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